Teotihuacan – “City of gods” or “the city where gods are created” or “Where people became gods”.
The city was located on an island in the middle of the lake,the water was brought water from mountain streams by aqueducts. Teotihuacan was built on a plan of a chessboard. We know it consisted of temple group, the ceremonial avenue surrounded by palaces, place of assembly, and a large residential area.
It is the biggest and the most moving of the pre-columbian cities in Mexico. It’s situated at 2285 m above the sea level so almost as high as Machu Picchu. One would never say that considering Machu Picchu seems to be located among towering peaks. It might be hard to believe but the biggest of pyramids was built at the same time as Colosseum in Rome. You can believe me it’s much bigger than Colosseum.
At the beginning it was believed to be built by Aztec’s but they only have discovered it around XV century. There is evidence that this site was already inhabited 400 years b.c. but the most magnificent of the structures were built around the time when Christ was born.
The thing is we don’t don’t that much about Teotihuacan. Who and why built it or why was it abandoned.
The biggest of the pyramids as I mentioned is the Pyramid of the Sun. It’s build from bricks called adobe (made from sand, clay, water, and some kind of fibrous or organic material(sticks, straw, and/or manure), which the builders shape into bricks using frames and dry in the sun). It was being built over 30 years by 3000 man without help of animals, iron tools or wheel. Nobody knows what is the real meaning of the pyramid. Because it is situated on the east-west axis it is seen as a center of universe symbol. The four corners direct four sides of the World. this reminds me the pyramids in Egypt. Underneath the base of the pyramid there is a natural cave considered to be sacred. The steps are higher than usual and not all the time the same hight. Climbing them is pretty tiring unless like me you have adrenaline circulating in your veins. At the top of the pyramid we met a guard and a small latino family (mother and two children) carrying pink umbrellas. Well why not…
The road of death – main artery begins at the southern side of the pyramid of the moon, passes the pyramid of the sun and ends at the citadel and the temple. It was consider the symbol of connection between sky and earth. It’s 3,2 km long and believe me walking in full sun with no shade you can feel every meter of it. That is once you get back to your hotel because it makes such an impression you can’t think of tiredness. I remember being very exicited about it all. It’s just so magnificent.
The Palace of the Jaguars is located southwest of the Square of the Moon, near the Palace of Quetzalpapálotl. The courtyard is surrounded by rooms, whose walls are remains of mural paintings with figures of jaguars, which in some cases have shells and plumes. Believed to be the graphical representation of a ritual to bring rain. The palace of mythological animals is a low structure of two stepped sections, in this stand paintings for an older temple, brightly colored and zoomorphic representations of feathered serpents, jaguars in different positions, winged fish and lizards.
Named after the remains of wall paintings seen in the walls of the rooms surrounding the courtyard, mostly related to the feline.
On the left you can see a head of god called Quetzalcoatla (feathered serpent) symbolizing the connection of air with water and sky with earth. It occures alternatively with the head of the god of rain Tlaloca.
It is possible that the reason for Teotihuacan to be so prosperous was obsidian – naturally occurring volcanic glass. It is produced when lava extruded from a volcano cools rapidly. It was used to manufacture weapons and tools.
As i said before nobody exactly knows why the city was amandoned and the mystery of Teotihuacan remains unsolved.